Research Interests

Actual societies often bear little resemblance to the visions of what a society should look like offered by political philosophers and ethicists. This incongruity prompts two questions that drive much of my research:


First, to what extent must we adjust visions of what society should look like to account for how societies actually work (or fail to work)?

Second, how can we better approximate our visions of what society should look like given the limits of human reason and motivation, and the realities of political life?


I am currently working on two papers on idealizations and feasibility considerations in business ethics, as well as a paper on corporate political speech.

Recent Publications

  • "Liberalism" (2021) in Tom Palmer and William Galston (eds.) Truth and Governance. Brookings Institution Press, pp. 193-215.

  • "Political irrationality, Utopianism, and Democratic Theory." (2020) Philosophy, Philosophy & Economics 19(1): 3-21

  • "The Fact of Unreasonable Pluralism." (2019) Journal of the American Philosophical Association 5(4): 410-428.

  • "The need for feasible compromises on conscientious objection: response to Card." (2019) (co-authored with Walter Sinnott-Armstrong) Journal of Medical Ethics 45: 560-561.

  • "Democratic Theory for a Market Democracy: The Problem of Merriment and Diversion When Regulators and Regulated Meet." (2018) (co-authored with Wayne Norman) Journal of Social Philosophy, special issue on "Market Governance," 49(4): 536-563.

  • "Democracy Isn't That Smart (But We Can Make it Smarter): On Landemore's Democratic Reason." (2017) Episteme 14(2): 161-175.

  • "How to Allow Conscientious Objections in Medicine While Protecting Patient Rights." (2017) (co-authored with Walter Sinnott-Armstrong) Cambridge Quarterly of Medical Ethics 26(1): 121-131.